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【英文版西语语法】Verbal periphrasis

时间:2017-04-20来源:互联网  进入西班牙语论坛
核心提示:OverviewIn Spanish, a verbal periphrasis is a verbal construction made of two verb forms, a conjugated form and an imper
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
 Overview
 
In Spanish, a verbal periphrasis is a verbal construction made of two verb forms, a conjugated form and an impersonal form (an infinitive, gerund, or participle). Both the informal future and present progressive use verbal periphrasis.
 
Voy a comprar una camisa.
I am going to buy a shirt.
 
Está nadando muy bien.
He is swimming very well.
 
Common Types of Verbal Periphrasis
 
Ir + Preposition + Infinitive
 
Formula
conjugated form of ir + preposition + infinitive
Voy a estudiar.
I am going to study.
 
Haber + Past Participle
 
Formula
conjugated form of haber + past participle
¿Has ido a España?
Have you been to Spain?
 
Estar + Gerund
 
Formula
conjugated form of estar + gerund
Están leyendo un libro.
She is reading a book.
 
List of Common Examples of Verbal Periphrasis
 
Verb + Infinitivo
 
acabar 
de
 
 + infinitivo to have just done something
acertar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to manage to do something
acostumbrar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to get used to doing something
alcanzar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to be able to do something
cesar 
de
 
 + infinitivo to cease to do something
comenzar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to being to do something
deber
 
 + infinitivo to have to do something
dejar 
de
 
 + infinitivo to stop doing something
echa(se) 
a
 
 + infinitivo to burst/break into doing something
empezar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to begin to do something
estar 
por
 
 + infinitivo to be on the verge of doing something
estar a punto 
de
 
 + infinitivo to be about to do something
haber 
de/que
 
 + infinitivo to have to do something
ir 
a
 
 + infinitivo going to do something
poder
 
 + infinitivo to be able to do something
ponerse 
a
 
 + infinitivo to start to do something
quedar 
por
 
 + infinitivo to remain to do something
llegar 
a
 
 + infinitivo to come to do something
romper 
a
 
 + infinitivo to suddenly start doing something
soler
 
 + infinitivo (to do something usually
venir 
a
 
 + infinitivo to come to do something
volver 
a
 
 + infinitivo to return to do something
tardar 
en
 
 + infinitivo to take a long time to do something
tener 
que
 
 + infinitivo to have to do something
terminar 
de
 
 + infinitivo to finish doing something
Verb + Gerundio
 
andar
 
 + gerundio to be doing something
estar
 
 + gerundio to be doing something
ir
 
 + gerundio to be gradually doing something
llevar
 
 + gerundio to continue to do something from the past
seguir
 
 + gerundio to keep doing something
venir
 
 + gerundio to have been doing something
Verb + Past Participle
 
dejar hecho
 
to leave completed
haber
 
 + past participle to have done something
llevar puesto
 
to have on
sentirse
 
 + past participle to feel + past participle
verse
 
 + past participle to see oneself as + past participle
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